You may have heard stories from others about how they suffered through installing security cameras in their houses. Truth be told, it may not be the simplest task, but it does not have to turn into a nightmare, either.
In this article I will offer you a simple, clear guide of how to install home security cameras you just bought in the quickest, most effective way possible so you can have them up and running sooner, rather than later.
Make a map of your property
Yes, you read properly: Draw a map of your house and decide which are the areas that you would like to monitor. Choose locations that make for good placement of the cameras. If you are not sure, a few areas that are always good to keep an eye on are front and back doors, driveways, lawns, and off-street windows.
After choosing the areas, you must now decide where you will put the cameras, taking into consideration details like not surveilling a neighbor’s property (this could get you into trouble), and the needed wiring if you are using wired cameras. Concealing as much cabling as possible helps make the camera discreet. You may also want to consider how and where you want to mount the cameras, and the material you are mounting it to.
Installation of the camera
Here comes the tricky part. Depending on which type of system your camera has, your installation will be completely different. They can be MPX Analog, PoE, or wireless camera systems, so check which yours is and jump to the right section.
Type 1: MPX analog camera system
These are the oldest type of cameras, but you would be surprised how much they are still used these days, transmitting full 1080p HD video stream through cables.
The equipment needed to install these cameras are: Digital video recorder (receiver that stores and processes your video feed), hard disk, security cameras, power supply, cables (including a Siamese cable that will go from your cameras to the DVR and power supply site), and proper connectors.
The installation goes as follows:
- Set the power supply box, which should be close to the DVR point and the nearest power outlet
- Set up the necessary cabling from the place where your camera will be to the DVR and power supply site
- Get the Siamese cables on the camera-end ready for connection
- Mount the cameras in place
- Connect the cables to the camera, and then to the DVR
- If your DVR does not have an installed hard disk, do it now
- Connect the video output of the DVR to the monitor
- Turn the power supply on, and you should now be getting live video streaming from your cameras
Type 2: PoE camera system
The power over Ethernet, or PoE system is more frequently found than analog models, and are much easier to install.
You will need an NVR, or network video recorder, which is the component that receives the video feed from the camera while supplying the camera with power. If your NVR is not capable of delivering power over Ethernet, you will have to also acquire a PoE injector and an additional Cat5E cable to connect the injector to the camera.
Other components required are the Ethernet cable with the length that works for your system, a hard disk and, of course, the PoE IP number of the cameras you want to install.
The installation steps are:
- Select the places where you will mount your cameras
- Select a location to place your NVR, always trying to keep it equidistant and in the center of all of the cameras you wish to put up. It should also be close to a power outlet
- Connect one end of the Ethernet cable to the NVR
- If your NVR does not deliver power over Ethernet, plug the PoE injector near the NVR. Plug the Ethernet cable from the NVR to the injector. Lastly, plug the second Ethernet cable to the injector as well
- Connect the PoE camera to the Ethernet cable, either from the NVR, or from the injector if you had to use one
- Power up the NVR, the cameras, and the injector if you are using it
- Attach the NVR to a computer monitor or TV, and turn this on, too
If you followed all the steps properly, you should now be receiving live video feed from the cameras to your monitor!
Important note: If you do not want to use an NVR, you can always connect your cameras to a PoE-enabled network switch; attach this switch to a router and connect the output device (like your PC or laptop) to the same network as the switch. This will also allow you to access your camera’s recordings easily without a video recorder.
Type 3: Wireless security camera systems
More common now than ever, these wireless cameras offer an even easier set up than the other two types of systems, as you will require less cabling to install them.
You will need a NVR and your wireless cameras. That’s it!
The installation process is this:
- Put the cameras in the places you chose, properly mounting them
- Place the NVR close to a power outlet and in a location where the wireless signal reaches it
- Plug the NVR to a power outlet
- Connect the NVR to a monitor
- Switch on all the wireless cameras you put up
- Turn on the monitor and receive live, HD video feed. If any of the cameras goes undetected, you will have to re-locate it closer to the NVR
Also, if your camera has an app you can install on your smartphone or tablet, make sure your NVR also supports these devices so you can have full access to your recordings through your mobile.
Installing your surveillance system does not have to be a stressful job. You must remember to check which kind of system you are using, and follow the steps as detailed above in order to successfully achieve full video live streaming from your cameras to the monitor.
Be calm, and carefully go through every step. The rewarding prize will be a fully installed security camera system that will take care of your house when you are not there.
If you are unsure about anything I have written above, or you need some assistance in deciding on your security camera set up, leave me a comment below and I’ll be more than happy to help.